Kamis, 18 September 2008

17th Ramzan - the battle of Badr.

Battle of Badr was the first most important battle between the Muslims and the Mushrikeen of Makkah. The battle was fought in 2 A.H. on Friday 17th of Ramazan and Allah SWT had promised the Muslims of victory even before the battle had started.

Allah SWT says in the Quran : "And indeed Allah assisted you at Badr when you were weak, so be careful (to your duty) to Allah so that you may be of the thankful ones. When you said to the believers 'Does it not suffice you that your Lord should assist you with three thousand angels sent down.." - Sura Aal-e-Imran 3:123 & 124

A Historical perspective
The battle of Badr was the first of the great battles of Islam. The faithfuls were put to the first real test during this battle. Badr is the name of a celebrated well and a market-place of Arabia, and is so named after a certain Badr bin Quraish bin Mukhlad bin an-Nadr bin Kananah, who hailed from the clan of Ghaffar.

From the start of Ramzan, a report reached to Madina that a large trading caravan of Quraish was returning to Mecca from Syria under the leadership of Abu Sufyan bin Harb accompanied by fifty armed guards. It has been pointed out that this richly loaded caravan constituted a grave threat to the security of Madina, therefore, Prophet Mohammad (SAW) dispatched Talha bin Ubaidullah and Saeed bin Zaid, to gather intelligence about the caravan and to report back. It was discovered that it was a large caravan in which all the Makkans had shares. The Quraish had decided to put all their savings into it and use the profits on arms, horses and other items of war to use against the Muslims.

The news was highly disturbing. The Prophet (S.A.W) left Madina and decided to meet the caravan in Badr with 313 men. Among them only 2 were
On horses and 70 had camels and the rest were on foot. There were only 6
Men with protective gear (zirah). Imam Ali(a.s.) was the standard
bearer of the Muslim army.

Abu Sufyan feared an attack from the Muslims and sent a messenger to Makkah telling them of his fears. On receiving the message, an army of 1000 men, 100 horses and 700 camels under the leadership of Abu Jahl left Makkah to go to Badr. Meanwhile Abu Sufyan took a different route back to Makkah avoiding Badr. When the army of Abu Jahl reached at Jahfah, a little half-way to Badr, an emissary of Abu Sufyan - or Abu Sufyan himself according to some traditions - met with the army of Abu Jahl and informed them that the caravan had passed through the danger zone safely and that it was not necessary to march towards Madina. On hearing this, some of them counseled that they should go back, but Abu Jahl and his party rejected the suggestion violently in their proudness and the lust of power and their desire to crush the Muslim army and proceeded towards Badr.

The importance of the first great battle of Islam
The personality of the Messenger (SAW), his leadership and his unequalled firmness. He was to the Muslims the final refuge at Badr and at every battle he attended. The Hashmites (the clan of the Prophet(saw), led by Imam Ali ibn-e-Abu Talib(a.s..) who entered this battle relatively obscure and came out with unequalled military fame. His military performances became the popular subject of the Arab caravans conversations throughout the Arabic Peninsula.

Hearts of hundreds of companions of the Messenger were filled with the faith and readiness for sacrifice. Many of them viewed martyrdom to be a gain, equal to life and victory. These good companions were the army of Islam, its first line of defense and thick wall behind which the Messenger (saw) used to stand. They were the attackers and the defenders.

The importance of the outcome of the battle were evident from the prayers of the Prophet (saw) himself. Abdul Malik ibn-e-Hushham narrates in his book As-Seerah An-Nabawiyah that the Prophet(sawaw) prayed to his Lord : " God this is Quraish. It has come with all its arrogance and boastfulness, trying to discredit Thy Apostle. God, I ask Thee to humiliate them tomorrow. God, if this Muslim band will perish today, Thou shall not be worshipped."

The two armies meet at Badr on 17th Ramazan 2 A.H.
In the beginning as per Arab custom, single combat (one to one) took place. The famous Quraysh warriors Utbah ibn-e-Rabi'ah - the father-in-law of Abu Sufyan -, his son Walid ibn-e-Utbah and his brother Shebah ibn-e-Rabi'ah came to challenge the Muslim warriors. Hundreds of companions were around the Prophet(sawaw) and many of them were expecting to be called upon to start the battle but the Prophet(sawaw) chose to start from his own family. The load was heavy and the heavy load could be carried only by the people to whom it belonged as he called upon Imam Ali(a.s.), Al-Hamza and Obeidah Al Harith (all from the clan of the Prophet(saw) to face the three warriors. Imam Ali(a.s.) destroyed Al-Walid and Al-Hamza killed Utbah; then they both assisted Obeidah against his opponent Sheibah. Sheibah died immediately and Obeidah was the first martyr at this battle. He died after he lost his leg.

The Quraysh got disturbed and began attacking en masse. When the general offensive began, hundreds of companions participated in the battle and offered sacrifices and pleased their Lord. But the members of the house of the Prophet(sawaw) distinguished themselves. Imam Ali(a.s.)'s Endeavour was unique at this battle. When Hanthala Ibn Abu Sufyan faced him, Imam Ali(a.s.) liquified his eyes with one blow from his sword. He annihilated Al Auss Ibn Saeed, and met Tuaima Ibn Oday and transfixed him with his spear, saying "You shall not dispute with us in God after today."

In the thick of the battle, the Prophet(sawaw) prayed to Allah(swt). In Surat-ul Anfal Allah(swt) gave the answer:
"When you asked for help from your Lord, He answered you. Indeed I will aid you with a thousand of the angels in rows behind rows".
Sura Anfa'al 8:9

According to authentic tradition, Allah(swt) had already promised victory to the muslims following the prayers of the Phophet Mohammad(saw) and during the battle, Allah(swt) sent down first one thousand then three thousand and then five thousand angels to help the Muslim army.
According to some narrators of the army of infidels, they saw these warriors having a sword in one hand and a whip in the other and whoever got stuck by the whip was instantly killed. It is stated by Maulvi Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dehlvi that Allah(swt) sent all angels in the face of Imam Ali(a.s.).

The Results
The mushrakeen army got frightened and began to retreat. The skill of Imam Ali(a.s.), the other Muslim soldiers and the sight of so many angels struck terror in the enemies hearts. 72 Kuffar were killed including their leader Abu Jahl. Imam Ali(a.s.) killed no less that 20 of them, though some historians give his credit of killing 36 of them. 14 muslims were martyred.

70 prisoners were taken by the Muslims. This was the first opportunity of the Muslims after their long and bitter sufferings at the hands of the Meccans to wreak vengeance on them, if they chose. However, the prisoners were treated with kindness and some became Muslims. In later days some of the prisoners said: "blessed be the men of Medina, they made us ride whilst they walked, they gave us wheat and bread to eat when there was little of it contenting themselves with plain dates." The rich prisoners paid ransom and were set free. Others were asked to gain their freedom by teaching 10 Muslims to read and write.

The battle of Badr strengthened the faith of the Muslims and laid the foundation of the Islamic State and made out of the Muslims a force to be reckoned with by the dwellers of the Arabic Peninsula.

Historians have recorded that from the day of Badr there was such awe-inspiring effect on the Arab populace about Imam Ali’s swordsmanship, daring and courage that the word shujaat became synonymous with Ali.

Angles Salute Imam Ali (a.s.)
It is related by Imam Ali(a.s.) in Yanabi-al-Mawadah that he stated that "On the night of Badr, Prophet Mohammad(sawaw) sent me to fetch water from a well. On the way back three strong gusts of winds hit me. When I reached the Prophet(sawaw) I mentioned about those winds the Prophet(saw) told me that they were groups of angels sent by Allah(swt) in the leadership of Hazrat Jibrael(a.s.), Hazrat Israfeel(a.s.) and Hazrat Mikaeel(a.s.) and they saluted me."

In another tradition also mentioned in Yanabi-al-Mawadah, Imam Ali (a.s.) used to mention it proudly to his companions that who could be like me who received the salutation of three thousand angels on the night of Badr which included angels Jibreel (a.s.), Mikaeel (a.s.) and Israfeel (a.s.).

Di antara Doa Laylatul Qadar (Malam Al-Qadar)

Bismillâhir Rahmânir Rahîm
Allâhumma shalli `alâ Muhammad wa âli Muhammad

Allâhumma innî amsaytu laka `abdan dâkhiran, lâ amliku linafsî naf'an wa lâ dharrâ, wa lâ ashrifu `anhâ sûan.Asyhadu bidzâlika `alâ nafsî, wa a'tarifu laka bidha'fi quwwatî, wa qillati hîlatî. Fashalli `alâ Muhammadin wa âli Muhammad, wa anjizlî mâ wa'adtanî wa jamî'al mu'minîna wal mu'minât minal maghfirati fî hâdzihil laylah, wa atmim `alayya mâ ataytanî fainnî `abdukal miskînul mustakîn, adhdha'îful faqîrul mahîn. Allâhumma lâ taj'alnî nâsiyan lidzikrika fîmâ awlaytanî, wa lâ li-ihsânika fîmâ a'thaytanî, wa lâ âyisan min ijâbatika wa in abtha'ta `anni fî sarra' aw dharra', aw syiddatin aw rakhâ', aw `âfiyatin aw bala', aw bu'sin aw na'mâ', innaka samî'ud du'â'.

Dengan nama Allah Yang Maha Pengasih dan Maha Penyayang, Ya Allah, sampaikan shalawat kepada Rasulullah dan keluarganya.

Ya Allah, malam ini aku datang kepada-Mu sebagai hamba yang hina, diriku tak memiliki manfaat dan mudharrat, tak mampu menyingkirkan keburukan dari diriku.
Dengan semua itu aku bersaksi atas diriku, aku mengakui di hadapan-Mu, kelemahanku dan ketidakberdayaanku. Sampaikan shalawat kepada Muhammad dan keluarga Muhammad. Karuniakan padaku malam ini maghfirah-Mu yang telah Kau janjikan padaku, pada mukminin dan mukminat. Sempurnakan karunia itu bagiku. Karena aku adalah hamba-Mu yang miskin dan papa, lemah, fakir dan hina.

Ya Allah, jangan jadikan aku orang yang lalai dan tidak mengingat-Mu, tidak mengingat pertolongan yang telah Engkau anugerahkan, kebaikan yang telah Engkau karuniakan. Jangan jadikan aku orang yang putus asa dari ijabah-Mu walaupun Engkau menundanya pada saat suka atau duka, bahagia atau menderita, selamat atau tertimpa musibah, sengsara atau mendapat nikmat. Sesungguhnya Engkau Yang Maha Mendengar doa.
(Mafâtihul Jinân: bab 2, pasal 3)

R. Benny Wahyuadi.

Hati-hati menggunakan HP di Pesawat

Saya sedih mendengar terbakarnya pesawat Garuda, GA 200 pada tanggal 7 Maret 2007, pukul 07.00 pagi, jurusan Jakarta-Yogyakarta di Bandara Adisucipto. Kejadian itu sungguh menyayat hati dan perasaan.
Kemudian saya teringat beberapa bulan yang lalu terbang ke Batam dengan menggunakan pesawat Garuda juga. Di dalam pesawat duduk disamping saya seorang warga Jerman. Pada saat itu dia merasa sangat gusar dan terlihat marah, karena tiba-tiba mendengar suara handphone tanda sms masuk dari salah satu penumpang, dimana pada saat itu pesawat dalam posisi mau mendarat. Orang ini terlihat ingin menegur tetapi tidak berdaya karena bukan merupakan tugasnya.
Langsung saya tanya kenapa tiba-tiba dia bersikap seperti itu, kemudian dia bercerita bahwa dia adalah manager salah satu perusahaan industri, dimana dia adalah supervisor khusus mesin turbin. Saat dia melaksanakan tugasnya tiba-tiba mesin turbin mati, setelah diselidiki ternyata ada salah satu petugas sedang menggunaka HP didalam ruangan mesin turbin.
Orang Jerman ini menjelaskan bahwa apabila frekwensi HP dengan mesin turbin ini kebetulan sama dan sinergi ini akan berakibat mengganggu jalannya turbin tersebut, lebih fatal lagi berakibat turbin bisa langsung mati.

Cerita ini langsung saya kaitkan dengan peristiwa diatas, kalau saya tidak salah mendengar mesin pesawat tiba-tiba mati pada saat mau mendarat. Mudah-mudahan peristiwa ini bukan akibat HP penumpang. Semoga tulisan ini bermanfaat untuk masyarakat yang sering bepergian dengan pesawat(KOMPAS).

Rakyat kita ini memang High class.. Handphone nya Mahal... Transportasi pake pesawat. Tapi BEGO-nya ga ketulungan. Ada yang gk tau kenapa larangan itu dibuat, ada yang tau tapi tetap gk peduli. Orang indonesia harus selalu belajar dengan cara yang keras.

Buat yang belum tahu, kenapa Ga boleh menyalakan Handphone di pesawat, berikut penjelasannya: Sekedar untuk informasi saja, mungkin rekan-rekan semua sudah mendengar berita mengenai kecelakaan pesawat yang baru "take-off" dari Lanud Polonia -Medan. Sampai saat ini penyebab kejadian tersebut belum diketahui dengan pasti.

Mungkin sekedar sharing saja buat kita semua yang memiliki dan menggunakan ponsel/telpon genggam atau apapun istilahnya. Ternyata menurut sumber informasi yang didapat dari ASRS (Aviation Safety Reporting System) bahwa ponsel mempunyai kontributor yang besar terhadap keselamatan penerbangan. Sudah banyak kasus kecelakaan pesawat terbang yang terjadi akibatkan oleh ponsel. Mungkin informasi dibawah ini dapat bermanfaat untuk kita semua, terlebih yang sering menggunakan pesawat terbang.

Contoh kasusnya antara lain:
Pesawat Crossair dengan nomor penerbangan LX498 baru saja "take-off" dari bandara Zurich, Swiss. Sebentar kemudian pesawat menukik jatuh. Sepuluh penumpangnya tewas. Penyelidik menemukan bukti adanya gangguan sinyal ponsel terhadap sistem kemudi pesawat.
Sebuah pesawat Slovenia Air dalam penerbangan menuju Sarajevo melakukan pendaratan darurat karena sistem alarm di kokpit penerbang terus meraung-raung. Ternyata, sebuah ponsel di dalam kopor dibagasi lupa dimatikan, dan menyebabkan gangguan terhadap sistem navigasi.

Boeing 747 Qantas tiba-tiba miring ke satu sisi dan mendaki lagi setinggi 700 kaki justru ketika sedang "final approach" untuk "landing" di bandara Heathrow, London. Penyebabnya adalah karena tiga penumpang belum mematikan komputer, CD player, dan electronic game masing-masing (The Australian, 23-9-1998).

Seperti kita tahu di Indonesia? Begitu roda-roda pesawat menjejak landasan, langsung saja terdengar bunyi beberapa ponsel yang baru saja diaktifkan. Para "pelanggar hukum" itu seolah-olah tak mengerti, bahwa perbuatan mereka dapat mencelakai penumpang lain, disamping merupakan gangguan (nuisance) terhadap kenyamanan orang lain.

Dapat dimaklumi, mereka pada umumnya memang belum memahami tatakrama menggunakan ponsel, disamping juga belum mengerti bahaya yang dapat ditimbulkan ponsel dan alat elektronik lainnya terhadap sistem navigasi dan kemudi pesawat terbang. Untuk itulah ponsel harus dimatikan, tidak hanya di-switch agar tidak berdering selama berada di dalam pesawat.

Berikut merupakan bentuk ganguan-gangguan yang terjadi di pesawat: Arah terbang melenceng,Indikator HSI (Horizontal Situation Indicator) terganggu, Gangguan penyebab VOR (VHF Omnidirectional Receiver) tak terdengar, Gangguan sistem navigasi, Gangguan frekuensi komunikasi, Gangguan indikator bahan bakar,Gangguan sistem kemudi otomatis, Semua gangguan diatas diakibatkan oleh ponsel, sedangkan gangguan lainnya seperti Gangguan arah kompas
komputer diakibatkan oleh CD & game Gangguan indikator CDI (Course Deviation Indicator) diakibatkan oleh gameboy Semua informasi diatas adalah bersumber dari ASRS.

Dengan melihat daftar gangguan diatas kita bisa melihat bahwa bukan saja ketika pesawat sedang terbang, tetapi ketika pesawat sedang bergerak di landasan pun terjadi gangguan yang cukup besar akibat penggunaan ponsel.

Kebisingan pada headset para penerbang dan terputus-putusnya suara mengakibatkan penerbang tak dapat menerima instruksi dari menara pengawas dengan baik.

Untuk diketahui, ponsel tidak hanya mengirim dan menerima gelombang radio melainkan juga meradiasikan tenaga listrik untuk menjangkau BTS (Base Transceiver Station). Sebuah ponsel dapat menjangkau BTS yang berjarak 35 kilometer. Artinya, pada ketinggian 30.000 kaki, sebuah ponsel bisa menjangkau ratusan BTS yang berada dibawahnya. (Di Jakarta saja diperkirakan ada sekitar 600 BTS yang semuanya dapat sekaligus terjangkau oleh sebuah ponsel aktif di pesawat
terbang yang sedang bergerak di atas Jakarta).(Varis/ pertamina)

Sebagai mahluk modern, sebaiknya kita ingat bahwa pelanggaran hukum adalah juga pelanggaran etika. Tidakkah kita malu dianggap sebagai orang yang tidak peduli akan keselamatan orang lain, melanggar hukum, dan sekaligus tidak tahu tata krama?
Sekiranya bila kita naik pesawat, bersabarlah sebentar. Semua orang tahu kita memiliki ponsel. Semua orang tahu kita sedang bergegas. Semua orang tahu kita orang penting. Tetapi, demi keselamatan sesama, dan demi sopan santun menghargai sesama, janganlah mengaktifkan ponsel selama di dalam pesawat terbang.